Why Additional Medication Is Used
During the detox, some people need to be given medications to counter or reduce the intensity of the withdrawal symptoms they experience which could cause them to go back to using drugs again. Using additional medication can help the patient stay sober. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. Medicines for addiction medical care can be prescribed as a segment of an inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation program. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.
Some medicines give the same feeling as the drug of abuse thus helping one cope with the withdrawal.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This stage is known as the detox period. Depending on the drug in question, the detoxification period may be as long as several weeks or just a few days.
The real challenge for the patient is coping with the terrible withdrawal symptoms. Depending on the patient's past drug or alcohol use the withdrawal symptoms will vary. The most terrible signs are appeared in the case of those who have been using the drugs for longer period of time with high dosage.
There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. There symptoms include
- Feeling depressed
- Feeling sick
- Pain in the muscles
- Profuse sweating
Different withdrawal symptoms are treated with different medications. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
- Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
- This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
- An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
- It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
- Until the brain is capable to generate joy - inducing chemicals by itself again, antidepressants, such as Zoloft and Prozac, can assist when it comes to alleviating these sensations.
- For relief of sweating, aching muscles, cramps and paranoia in alcohol and opiate withdrawal Clonidine is used.
- Clonidine is useful for controlling shivering and convulsions.
People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Withdrawal from other Opiates aren't constantly deadly, however difficult situations can still appear. To ensure that detoxification is safe and successful, medical supervision is vital.
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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal
Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. Patient take these tablets every day.
Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- The brain receptors that produce pleasurable effects in the presence of alcohol are blocked by Naltrexone.
- In addition, it keeps in control the craving to drink.
- In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
- It can be administered by injection every four weeks.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- This medicine alleviates emotional and physical pain resulted by alcohol addiction.
- Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
- Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
- Side effects like vomiting are likely to occur if a person taking Disulfiram takes alcohol.
- This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.
You can find out more about medication used in treating alcohol addiction.
Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction
Drugs in the opiate group are Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. These medications are usually taken daily in tablet form.
There withdrawal times are less than a week. Long-term withdrawal symptoms may also be experienced by others. In a few cases, withdrawal symptoms may last for several months or even years. PAWS and desires can be controlled by long-term replacement medicines. Ex-users can often find themselves taking medicines for up to a year, or longer is needed.
Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows
- Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
- Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
- Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
- Methadone can become addictive so it is used with caution.
- It also prevents abuse so it is dispensed daily by clinics..
- Additional Facts about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
- Instead of having to go for the drug every day at the clinic, the recovering users can go home with the drug.
- Naltrexone is for both opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
- It helps to reduce cravings.
- Alcohol and Opiate turns on the similar receptors in the brain so it is for both.
Detoxing And Rehab
Drug addicts when they want to stop addiction sometimes will choose to detox without medical supervision. Choosing detox on your own is not only difficult but also more hazardous than detoxing with physician. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.
A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.
Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. If the patient experiences discomfort, they can be eased with the help of the doctor. Medications can be adjusted to the needs of the patient and long-term plans can be made.
Medical detox is for anyone facing health problems. Problems such as high blood pressure can be worsened by detoxification. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
In residential rehabilitation, detoxification is always part of the program. In some circumstances, inpatient rehabilitation takes from 30 to 90 days. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.
Find a rehabilitation with medical detoxification today for you or someone you care about that needs assistance to accomplish sobriety call 0800 246 1509.